A climate of fear and paranoia over slavery developed in the South. What were the events and arguments that caused this and enhanced the paranoia? How did it lead to the creation of the Republican Party and the 1860 split of the Democratic Party? Were Northerners any more rational than Southerners or did both sides lose perspective? Had Southerners abandoned the political theories of the nation’s founding, as described by Locke and the Declaration of Independence?